LtCol John Cuthbert Valentine
(1898-1970) shown in the photo above as a Captain
with the RCAPC. Valentine served in both World Wars in
Lord Strathcona's Horse and in the RNWMP in 1917.
This site displays examples of historic uniform and kit that were worn by Members of the North West Mounted Police (NWMP),
the Royal North West Mounted Police (RNWMP) and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).
Images displayed on this site are held by various private collections.
This site is not affiliated with, nor sanctioned by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, or its wife.
All rights reserved. © 2010-2018 Ottawa CANADA
CURATOR: [email protected]
UNIFORMS & EQUIPMENT
The RCMP was formed in 1920 by the merger of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police (RNWMP, founded 1904) with the Dominion
Police (founded 1868). The former was originally named the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP), and was given the prefix Royal
by King Edward VII in 1904. Much of the present-day organization's symbolism has been inherited from its days as the NWMP,
including the distinctive scarlet serge uniform.
Four examples of brass shoulder titles (above) worn by RNWMP Members. From the top:
A) blackened title worn by Members in Siberia as part of the the Canadian Expeditionary Force;
B) this title is a standard brass title worn with the red serge tunic;
C) variation of the standard title, with the fused "MP", the registered marque of The Force;
D) the less commonly found, curved title.
An example (right) of an RNWMP Scarlet tunic with
shoulder title and collar badge. The scarlet serge was
authorized for wear by the turn of the 20th century.
RNWMP Constable Regimental #5653
Albert Ernest FOSTER (above, right) circa 1909,
with his horse, and wearing riding chaps, tunic, and an early stetson.
RNWMP Constable Regimental #7261
Lawrence Wyoming TRONE (left)
in a standard CEF Khaki tunic with RNWMP badging and double shoulder titles (CANADA over RNWMP).
The military style khaki duck Field Service Jacket for other ranks (right). Worn by
RNWMP Sgt George Edward Orr Scott, Reg. No. 8800. Scott joined the Force in
1919 and retired to pension in 1948.
An image (below) of the interior placket of the Field Service jacket marked
RNWMP Officers and Members, Fairmount Barracks Vancouver (below), 18 June 1921.
Various orders of RNWMP uniform and kit (above) circa 1909.
In 1868 the Dominion Police began as a police force protecting the Parliament Buildings on Parliament Hill in
Ottawa (now protected by House of Commons and Senate Security Service Constables and Scanner operators).
This was in response to the assassination in Ottawa of Member of Parliament D'Arcy McGee by radical Irish
nationalists, the Fenians. By 1911 the Dominion Police served as Canada's eastern police force (for provinces east
of Manitoba, excluding Newfoundland which did not join Canada until 1949). In May 1918, the 969 member
Dominion Police was assigned under the Department of Militia and Defence and became a civilian wing of the
Canadian Military Police Corps. The civilian members of the CMPC were merged with the Royal North West
Mounted Police (Canada's western police force) on February 1, 1920 to form the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
RNWMP Order Book (left)- detachment
notebook used for note taking and the
recording entries of orders, circa 1911.
Right an enamel cap badge.
RNWMP collar and cap badges also may have marks set on the back of the
badge, commonly on a disk that has been soldered to the badge. Collar
badges are approximately 25 mm X 28 mm;
cap badges are approximately 32 mm X 45 mm,
and are stamped in imprint, as opposed to poured into a mould. The badges
were stamped in brass or white metal with a black finish. The badges may
frequently be authenticated by a manufacturer's disk on the reverse that is
• J.R. GAUNT & SON LTD LONDON
Below is an example of a reproduction RNWMP badge. On the reverse is the give-away:
the GAUNT LONDON disk.
This assures you that while the badge was struck by Gaunt and possibly made use of the original die, it was a later striking thus making the badge a reproduction/re-strike.
Many re-strikes were authorized for The Force's Centennial year in 1973.
Some canteen purchased collar
badges with enamel (right).
(Below, left) Examples of authentic collar badges and an RNWMP broach (right).
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Gendarmerie royale du Canada
Royal North West Mounted Police
Reproduction RNWMP cap badges usually have no hallmark disk on the
reverse, as well as neatly indented belt holes below the bison head,
after the word DROIT and before the buckle. An authentic RNWMP badge
has the belt holes in the same locations, but they are completely filled
in. The example on the right is a reproduction badge.
5 F. 11
Inside tunic markings indicating
height and chest size
1903-16 RNWMP Items
worn by Reg # 4153 Cpl. Edward Dodd
Standard military specifications:
re-inforced collar with closure eye hooks
Brass RNWMP button.
Tunic is double-stictched to military specifications.
RNWMP brass shoulder title
Black gorgets on the collar with brass RNWMP collar badges
1917 RNWMP Scarlet Tunic
worn by Reg # 6606 Constable John Valentine
This is to certify that
served as Constable and Corporal.
RNWMP Corporal Dodd on his mount, in a Regina, SK postcard photograph.
Royal Northwest Mounted Police
(June 1907 printing).
Canada General Service
and RNWMP buttons.
RNWMP cap badge (left) and CEF RNWMP titles (above).
NCOs walking stick.
(81 cm in length).
An enticement for former Members of the RNWMP, taken from the 1919
printing of the
Overseas Military Forces of Canada Routine Orders #5154.
An authentic RNWMP shoulder title may be stamped on the reverse lower rail with the imprint:
JR GAUNT 53 CONDUIT ST LONDON
J R GAUNT LTD MONTREAL (image below)
The example on the right shows an authentic manufacturer's imprint
on the N:
JR GAUNT LONDON
OR as the examples below marked with a manufacturer's disk:
• J.R. GAUNT & SON LTD MONTREAL
June 1939: Supt. A.N Eames (on the left in photo) and
A/Comm F.J. Mead in Halifax, NS.
OIC of Hunt for the Mad Trapper
Reg # 5700 A/Cmr Alexander Neville Eames
Assistant Commissioner A.N. Eames,
OBE, RNWMP, RCMP.
Born 26 December 1883; died 13 January 1965.
Joined the RNWMP 1913; Retired RCMP 1946.
In 1931, Eames was the Officer-in-Charge of the
Hershel Island RCMP detachment in the Arctic, and
led the team for what is regarded as the greatest
hunt in the North - for the trapper Albert Johnson.
Johnson was responsible for a reign of terror in the
area. Each time he was cornered in his cross
country flight, he fought off his pursuers with
One Member was killed and another policeman and a
soldier, Major Frank Hershel, Cdn Corps of Signals,
were wounded before Johnson was finally shot and
killed in a gun battle in March of 1932.
Eames died in 1965 and his body was cremated but his remains had never been buried. His
remains were recovered by Supt Joe Healy (Ret'd) in a Burnaby, BC funeral home in 2011.
After having kept the remains of A/Commissioner Eames for two years, Healy decided to bury him
in June 2012 in a private ceremony at the RCMP Memorial Cemetery in Beechwood, Ottawa, ON.
The information on A/Cmr Eames was derived from:
An example of an RNWMP officer's helmet plate (above); image provided from a private collection.
On the reverse the markings can be seen:
JR GAUNT & SON LTD BIRMINGHAM
A pair of white metal RNWMP collars (above),
blackened for wear as a member of the CEF.
Hallmarked with JR GAUNT disks on the reverse.
RNWMP Constable James Hawthorn Burnside (right),
Regimental Number 8622. Joined in August 1919; died in June 1961.
Seen here in this studio photograph in review order uniform, with a
dark blue melton constable's great coat, over a red serge tunic
with RNWMP collar dogs, Strathcona High Brown boots and spurs,
a riding crop, gloves and stetson hat. He served in 'F', Regina, Fort
MacLeod and Calgary.
The photo is dated circa 1920 and is currently in a private
collection. A very good example of early uniform development with
many of the modern uniform traits in evidence.
A pair of J. INGLIS marked collar badges, struck on the reverse seen here in red. Note the variant on
the scroll on each side of the word CANADA.
Royal North West Mounted Police (1918)
Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Forcer
The photo (below) shows members of B Squadron RNWMP at
camp in Vancouver BC, prior to their being shipped out to
Vladivostock in Siberia, to fight for the White Russian Forces. The
members are in army uniforms with puttees, and are wearing their
RNWMP cap and collar badges. The third member from the left
has been identified as Reg #7373, Farrier Sgt James Edward
(Ted) Margetts (attained rank of Sgt/M; died March 1969).
RNWMP Staff Sergeant
George W. DUNABEY (right)
in a standard scarlet tunic with black gorgets with
RNWMP badging and unusual rank insignia (appear to be
double corporal chevrons). An original post card image.
RNWMP CEF NCOs forage cap (below).
RNWMP OFFICER'S CARTOUCHE POUCH & BELT
Morocco leather belt with
gold lace and velvet with
gilt buckle and fittings.
Side buckle - suspender loop.
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A blackened brass cap badge (above)
likely worn by the Members of the
Canadian Expeditionary Force serving
RNWMP non-commissioned officers wearing an early version of the scarlet tunic, without the black gorgets behind their collar badges (circa 1908).
RNWMP Veteran's Association brassard
Pictured below is an Officer's Review Order cartouche pouch and belt. The cartouche
belt and pouch were private purchase by officers and worn with review order dresss
only. The belt was worn over the left shoulder and the pouch hung on the back.
This cartouche belt and pouch displayed here belonged to
NWMP O.58 Superintendent Arthur Edward Snyder.
He retired RNWMP in 1912.
Snyder was born in Peterborough, ON in 1861.
He joined the NWMP with a Commission in 1885 and served in the South African
(Anglo-Boer) War as a Lieutenant.
He subsequently served in B Squadron in WWI in Siberia as a Major with Lord Strathcona
Horse. He died in 1940 in Vancouver.
RNWMP SMOKING ACCOUTREMENTS
Above are displayed two brass ashtrays with the badge of the RNWMP embossed or attached to the ashtray. The middle image is a silver match safe with the RNWMP
badge embossed on its cover. These may have come out of an officer's mess, from a time when smoking was considered normative, if not required.
WWI Pay Book
Issued to Private Frederick Clayton Coulter
Royal North West Mounted Police
RNWMP Reg No 7204
Born 18 Oct 1898
Joined as Constable 08 May 1918
Died 12 July 1965 at Vancouver, BC
Daily Rate of Pay ...............$1.00
Daily Field Allowance...........$0.10
1914 RNWMP Scarlet Tunic
worn by Reg # 6322 Corporal Albert Hornby
These items belonged to Corporal Albert Hornby, who joined the RNWMP at Vancouver, BC on September 26, 1914.
He was assigned Regimental Number 6322. Hornby served at "Depot" Division (Regina).
Hornby was anxious to serve in World War I. When his term of service with the RNWMP expired, he did not re-enlist but
took his discharge on September 26, 1915. He joined the British Army and the East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry. He
served in Egypt and Palestine, eventually fighting his way north, from Gaza to Aleppo. In 1918 he was seconded to the
16th Bengal Lancers. Albert Hornby returned to Canada after the war. He died on 17 June 1958, and is buried at
Hornby's red serge remains in
remarkable condition for a garment of
100+ years of age; the stitching
remains taut and all of the buttons
are original to the tunic, save one.
The buttons are all NWMP with one
RNWMP replacement at the collar.
Sanford Manufacturing was a well-known Hamilton, ON
suppiier to the Government of Canada for militia items.
Hornby inked his name and regimental number in a number of
places on the inside of the tunic.
Lethbridge, AB Detachment photo
Khaki Service Dress cap with rain
cover, Canadian manufactured
(Montreal) in 1915 with original
RNWMP cap badge. Worn overseas by
RNWMP CSEF members.