LtCol John Cuthbert Valentine
(1898-1970) shown in the photo above as a Captain
with the RCAPC. Valentine served in both World Wars in
Lord Strathcona's Horse and in the RNWMP in 1917.
This site displays examples of historic uniform and kit that were worn by Members of the North West Mounted Police (NWMP),
the Royal North West Mounted Police (RNWMP) and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).
Images displayed on this site are held by various private collections.
This site is not affiliated with, nor sanctioned by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, or its wife.
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UNIFORMS & EQUIPMENT
The RCMP was formed in 1920 by the merger of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police (RNWMP, founded 1904) with the Dominion Police (founded 1868).
The former was originally named the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP), and was given the prefix Royal by King Edward VII in 1904. Much of the
present-day organization's symbolism has been inherited from its days as the NWMP, including the distinctive scarlet serge uniform.
Four examples of brass shoulder titles (above) worn by RNWMP Members. From the top:
A) blackened title worn by Members in Siberia as part of the the Canadian Expeditionary Force;
B) this title is a standard brass title worn with the red serge tunic;
C) variation of the standard title, with the fused "MP", the registered marque of The Force;
D) the less common, curved title.
An example (right) of an RNWMP Scarlet tunic with shoulder
title and collar badge. The scarlet serge was authorized for
wear by the turn of the 20th century.
A blackened brass cap badge (above) likely worn by the Members of the Canadian Expeditionary Force
serving in Siberia.
RNWMP Constable Regimental #7261
Lawrence Wyoming TRONE (left)
in a standard CEF Khaki tunic with RNWMP badging and double shoulder titles (CANADA over RNWMP).
The military style khaki duck Field Service Jacket for other ranks (right). Worn by
RNWMP Sgt George Edward Orr Scott, Reg. No. 8800. Scott joined the Force in
1919 and retired to pension in 1948.
An image (below) of the interior placket of the Field Service jacket marked
RNWMP Officers and Members, Fairmount Barracks Vancouver (below), 18 June 1921.
Various orders of RNWMP uniform and kit (above) circa 1909.
In 1868 the Dominion Police began as a police force
protecting the Parliament Buildings on Parliament Hill in
Ottawa (now protected by House of Commons and
Senate Security Service Constables and Scanner
operators). This was in response to the assassination
in Ottawa of Member of Parliament D'Arcy McGee by
radical Irish nationalists, the Fenians. By 1911 the
Dominion Police served as Canada's eastern police
force (for provinces east of Manitoba, excluding
Newfoundland which did not join Canada until 1949). In
May 1918, the 969 member Dominion Police was
assigned under the Department of Militia and Defence
and became a civilian wing of the Canadian Military
Police Corps. The civilian members of the CMPC were
merged with the Royal North West Mounted Police
(Canada's western police force) on February 1, 1920
to form the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
RNWMP Order Book (left)- detachment
notebook used for note taking and the
recording entries of orders, circa 1911.
Right an enamel cap badge.
RNWMP collar and cap badges also may have marks set on the back of the
badge, commonly on a disk that has been soldered to the badge. Collar
badges are approximately 25 mm X 28 mm;
cap badges are approximately 32 mm X 45 mm,
and are stamped in imprint, as opposed to poured into a mould. The badges
were stamped in brass or white metal with a black finish. The badges may
frequently be authenticated by a manufacturer's disk on the reverse that is
• J.R. GAUNT & SON LTD LONDON
Below is an example of a reproduction RNWMP badge. On the reverse is the give-away:
the GAUNT LONDON disk.
This assures you that while the badge was struck by Gaunt and possibly made use of the original die, it was a later striking thus making the badge a reproduction/re-strike.
Many re-strikes were authorized for The Force's Centennial year in 1973.
Some "canteen purchased" collar
badges with enamel (right).
(Below) Examples of authentic collar badges.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Gendarmerie royale du Canada
Royal North West Mounted Police
Reproduction RNWMP cap badges usually have no hallmark disk on the
reverse, as well as neatly indented belt holes below the bison head,
after the word DROIT and before the buckle. An authentic RNWMP badge
has the belt holes in the same locations, but they are completely filled
in. The example on the right is a reproduction badge.
5 F. 11
Inside tunic markings indicating
height and chest size
1903-16 RNWMP Items
worn by Reg # 4153 Cpl. Edward Dodd
Standard military specs re-inforced
collar with closure eye hooks
Brass RNWMP button.
Tunic is double-stictched to military specifications.
RNWMP brass shoulder title
Black gorgets on the collar with brass RNWMP collar badges
1917 RNWMP Scarlet Tunic
worn by Reg # 6606 Cst. John Valentine
This is to certify that
served as Constable and Corporal.
RNWMP Corporal Dodd on his mount, in a Regina, SK postcard photograph.
Royal Northwest Mounted Police
(June 1907 printing).
Canada General Service
and RNWMP buttons.
RNWMP cap badge (left) and CEF RNWMP titles.
NCOs walking stick.
(81 cm in length).
An enticement for former Members of the RNWMP, taken from the 1919
printing of the
Overseas Military Forces of Canada Routine Orders #5154.
An authentic RNWMP shoulder title may be stamped on the reverse lower rail with the imprint:
JR GAUNT 53 CONDUIT ST LONDON
J R GAUNT LTD MONTREAL (image below)
The example on the right shows an authentic manufacturer's imprint
on the N:
JR GAUNT LONDON
OR as the examples below marked with a manufacturer's disk:
• J.R. GAUNT & SON LTD MONTREAL
June 1939: Supt. A.N Eames (on the left in photo) and
A/Comm F.J. Mead in Halifax, NS.
OIC of Hunt for the Mad Trapper
Reg # 5700 A/Cmr Alexander Neville Eames
Assistant Commissioner A.N. Eames,
OBE, RNWMP, RCMP.
Born 26 December 1883; died 13 January 1965.
Joined the RNWMP 1913; Retired RCMP 1946.
In 1931, Eames was the Officer-in-Charge of
the Hershel Island RCMP detachment in the
Arctic, and led the team for what is regarded
as the greatest hunt in the North - for the
trapper Albert Johnson. Johnson was
responsible for a reign of terror in the area.
Each time he was cornered in his cross country
flight, he fought off his pursuers with gunfire.
One Member was killed and another policeman and
a soldier, Major Frank Hershel, Cdn Corps of
Signals, were wounded before Johnson was finally
shot and killed in a gun battle in March of 1932.
Eames died in 1965 and his body was cremated but his remains had never been buried. His
remains were recovered by Supt Joe Healy (Ret'd) in a Burnaby, BC funeral home in 2011.
After having kept the remains of A/Commissioner Eames for two years, Healy decided to
bury him in June 2012 in a private ceremony at the RCMP Memorial Cemetery in Beechwood,
The information on A/Cmr Eames was derived from:
An example of an RNWMP officer's helmet plate (above); image provided from a private collection.
On the reverse the markings can be seen:
JR GAUNT & SON LTD BIRMINGHAM
A pair of white metal RNWMP collars (above),
blackened for wear as a member of the CEF.
Hallmarked with JR GAUNT disks on the reverse.
RNWMP Constable James Hawthorn Burnside (right),
Regimental Number 8622. Joined in August 1919; died in June 1961.
Seen here in this studio photograph in review order uniform, with a
dark blue melton constable's great coat, over a red serge tunic
with RNWMP collar dogs, Strathcona High Brown boots and spurs,
a riding crop, gloves and stetson hat. He served in 'F', Regina, Fort
MacLeod and Calgary.
The photo is dated circa 1920 and is currently in a private
collection. A very good example of early uniform development with
many of the modern uniform traits in evidence.
A pair of J. INGLIS marked collar badges, struck on the reverse seen here in red. Note the variant on
the scroll on each side of the word CANADA.
Royal North West Mounted Police (1918)
Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Forcer
The photo (below) shows members of B Squadron RNWMP at
camp in Vancouver BC, prior to their being shipped out to
Vladivostock in Siberia, to fight for the White Russian Forces. The
members are in army uniforms with puttees, and are wearing their
RNWMP cap and collar badges. The third member from the left
has been identified as Reg #7373, Farrier Sgt James Edward
(Ted) Margetts (attained rank of Sgt/M; died March 1969).
RNWMP Staff Sergeant
George W. DUNABEY (right)
in a standard scarlet tunic with black gorgets
with RNWMP badging and unusual rank insignia
(appear to be double corporal chevrons).
Original post card image.
RNWMP CEF NCOs forage cap (below).
RNWMP Officer's Cartouche Pouch and Belt
Morocco leather belt with
gold lace and velvet with
gilt buckle and fittings.
Interior view of cartouche pouch.
Side buckle - suspender loop.
Pictured below is an Officer's Review Order cartouche pouch and belt which belonged to NWMP O.58 Supt. Arthur E. Snyder (retired RNWMP in 1912).
Snyder was born in Peterborough, ON in 1861. He joined the NWMP with a Commission in 1885 and served in the South African (Anglo-Boer) War as a Lieutenant.
He subsequently served in B Squadron in WWI in Siberia as a Major with Lord Strathcona Horse. He died in 1940 in Vancouver.