LtCol John Cuthbert Valentine
(1898-1970) shown in the photo
above as a Captain with the
RCAPC. Valentine served in both
World Wars in Lord Strathcona's
Horse and in the RNWMP in 1917.
This site displays examples of historic uniform and kit that were worn by Members of the North West Mounted Police (NWMP),
the Royal North West Mounted Police (RNWMP) and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).
Images displayed on this site are held by various private collections.
This site is not affiliated with, nor sanctioned by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, or its wife.
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UNIFORMS & EQUIPMENT
The RCMP was formed in 1920 by the merger of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police
(RNWMP, founded 1904) with the Dominion Police (founded 1868). The former was originally
named the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP), and was given the prefix Royal by King
Edward VII in 1904. Much of the present-day organization's symbolism has been inherited from
its days as the NWMP, including the distinctive scarlet serge uniform.
Four examples of brass shoulder titles (above) worn by RNWMP Members. From the top:
A) blackened title worn by Members in Siberia as part of the the Canadian Expeditionary Force;
B) this title is a standard brass title worn with the red serge tunic;
C) variation of the standard title, with the fused "MP", the registered marque of The Force;
D) the less common, curved title.
An example (right) of
an RNWMP Scarlet
tunic with shoulder
title and collar badge.
The scarlet serge was
authorized for wear by
the turn of the 20th
A blackened brass cap badge (above) likely worn
by the Members of the Canadian Expeditionary
Force serving in Siberia.
RNWMP Constable Regimental #7261
Lawrence Wyoming TRONE (left)
in a standard CEF Khaki tunic with RNWMP badging
and double shoulder titles (CANADA over RNWMP).
The military style khaki duck Field Service
Jacket for other ranks (right). Worn by
RNWMP Sgt George Edward Orr Scott,
Reg. No. 8800. Scott joined the Force in
1919 and retired to pension in 1948.
An image (below) of the interior placket of
the Field Service jacket marked
RNWMP Officers and Members, Fairmount Barracks Vancouver (below), 18 June 1921.
Various orders of RNWMP uniform and kit (above) circa 1909.
In 1868 the Dominion Police began as a
police force protecting the Parliament
Buildings on Parliament Hill in Ottawa (now
protected by House of Commons and
Senate Security Service Constables and
Scanner operators). This was in response
to the assassination in Ottawa of Member
of Parliament D'Arcy McGee by radical Irish
nationalists, the Fenians. By 1911 the
Dominion Police served as Canada's
eastern police force (for provinces east of
Manitoba, excluding Newfoundland which
did not join Canada until 1949). In May
1918, the 969 member Dominion Police was
assigned under the Department of Militia
and Defence and became a civilian wing of
the Canadian Military Police Corps. The
civilian members of the CMPC were merged
with the Royal North West Mounted Police
(Canada's western police force) on
February 1, 1920 to form the Royal
Canadian Mounted Police.
RNWMP Order Book (left)- detachment
notebook used for the note taking and the
recording entries of orders, circa 1911.
Above an enamel cap badge.
RNWMP collar and cap badges also may have
marks set on the back of the badge, commonly on
a disk that has been soldered to the badge. Collar
badges are approximately 25 mm X 28 mm;
cap badges are approximately 32 mm X 45 mm,
and are stamped in imprint, as opposed to poured
into a mould. The badges were stamped in brass
or white metal with a black finish. The badges
may frequently be authenticated by a
manufacturer's disk on the reverse that is
• J.R. GAUNT & SON LTD LONDON
Below is an example of a reproduction RNWMP badge. On the reverse is the give-away:
the GAUNT LONDON disk.
This assures you that while the badge was struck by Gaunt and possibly made use of the original die, it
was a later striking thus making the badge a reproduction/re-strike.
Many re-strikes were authorized for The Force's Centennial year in 1973.
Some "canteen purchased"
collar badges with enamel
(Below) Examples of
authentic collar badges.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Gendarmerie royale du Canada
Royal North West Mounted Police
Reproduction RNWMP cap badges usually have no
hallmark disk on the reverse, as well as neatly
indented belt holes below the bison head, after the
word DROIT and before the buckle. An authentic
RNWMP badge has the belt holes in the same
locations, but they are completely filled in. The
example on the right is a reproduction badge.
5 F. 11
Inside tunic markings indicating
height and chest size
1903-16 RNWMP Items
worn by Reg # 4153 Cpl. Edward Dodd
Standard military specs re-inforced
collar with closure eye hooks
Brass RNWMP button.
Tunic is double-stictched to military
Black gorgets on the collar with brass
RNWMP collar badges
1917 RNWMP Scarlet Tunic
worn by Reg # 6606 Cst. John Valentine
This is to certify that
served as Constable and Corporal.
RNWMP Corporal Dodd on his mount, in a Regina, SK postcard photograph.
Royal Northwest Mounted Police
(June 1907 printing).
Canada General Service
and RNWMP buttons.
RNWMP cap badge and CEF RNWMP titles.
NCOs walking stick.
(81 cm in length).
An enticement for former Members of
the RNWMP, taken from the 1919
printing of the
Overseas Military Forces of
Canada Routine Orders
An authentic RNWMP shoulder title may be stamped on the reverse lower rail with the imprint:
JR GAUNT 53 CONDUIT ST LONDON
J R GAUNT LTD MONTREAL (image below)
The example on the right shows an
authentic manufacturer's imprint on the N:
JR GAUNT LONDON
OR as the examples below marked with a disk with the manufacturer's disk:
• J.R. GAUNT & SON LTD MONTREAL
June 1939: Supt. A.N Eames (on the left in
photo) and A/Comm F.J. Mead in Halifax NS.
OIC of Hunt for the Mad Trapper
Reg # 5700 A/Cmr Alexander Neville Eames
Assistant Commissioner A.N. Eames,
OBE, RNWMP, RCMP.
Born 26 December 1883; died 13 January 1965.
Joined the RNWMP 1913; Retired RCMP 1946.
In 1931, Eames was the
Officer-in-Charge of the Hershel
Island RCMP detachment in the
Arctic, and led the team for what is
regarded as the greatest hunt in
the North - for the trapper Albert
Johnson. Johnson was responsible
for a reign of terror in the area.
Each time he was cornered in his
cross country flight, he fought off
his pursuers with gunfire.
One Member was killed and another policeman and a
soldier, Major Frank Hershel, Cdn Corps of Signals, were
wounded before Johnson was finally shot and killed in a gun
battle in March of 1932.
Eames died in 1965 and his body was cremated but his
remains had never been buried. His remains were
recovered by Supt Joe Healy (Ret'd) in a Burnaby, BC
funeral home in 2011. After having kept the remains of
A/Commissioner Eames for two years, Healy decided to
bury him in June 2012 in a private ceremony at the RCMP
Memorial Cemetery in Beechwood, Ottawa, Ontario.
The information on A/Cmr Eames was derived from:
An example of an RNWMP officer's helmet plate (above); image provided from a private collection.
On the reverse the markings can be seen:
JR GAUNT & SON LTD BIRMINGHAM
A pair of white metal RNWMP
collars (above), blackened for
wear as a member of the CEF.
Hallmarked with JR GAUNT disks
on the reverse.
RNWMP Constable James Hawthorn Burnside
(right), Regimental Number 8622. Joined in August
1919; died in June 1961.
Seen here in this studio photograph in review
order uniform, with a dark blue melton constable's
great coat, over a red serge tunic with RNWMP
collar dogs, Strathcona High Brown boots and
spurs, a riding crop, gloves and stetson hat. He
served in 'F', Regina, Fort MacLeod and Calgary.
The photo is dated circa 1920 and is currently in a
private collection. A very good example of early
uniform development with many of the modern
uniform traits in evidence.
A pair of J. INGLIS marked collar badges, struck on
the reverse seen here in red. Note the variant on
the scroll on each side of the word CANADA.
Royal North West Mounted Police (1918)
Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Forcer
The photo (below) shows members of B Squadron
RNWMP at camp in Vancouver BC, prior to their
being shipped out to Vladivostock in Siberia, to
fight for the White Russian Forces. The members
are in army uniforms with puttees, and are
wearing their RNWMP cap and collar badges. The
third member from the left has been identified as
Reg #7373, Farrier Sgt James Edward (Ted)
Margetts (attained rank of Sgt/M; died March
RNWMP Staff Sergeant
George W. DUNABEY (right)
in a standard scarlet tunic with black
gorgets with RNWMP badging and unusual
rank insignia (appear to be double corporal
chevrons). Original post card image.